infection

/Tag:infection

Rapid, Accurate Diagnosis of Clostridium difficile Infections

Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is a symptomatic infectious disease caused by the anaerobic, spore-forming bacterium called Clostridium difficile. Recently CDI has become increasingly prevalent worldwide. The severity of the infection is also on the rise, meaning the requirement for a rapid and accurate method of diagnosis [...]

Monitoring Transplant Patients for M. hominis Infections

A recent study has revealed the importance of monitoring transplant donors and recipients for Mycoplasma hominis infections. Mycoplasma hominis colonies M. hominis is a species of bacteria able to infect and penetrate the interior of human cells. It is notoriously difficult to test [...]

Notes on sepsis

Sepsis (blood poisoning) is a life threatening illness reflecting the body’s release of inflammatory cytokines in response to the presence of bacterial and/or fungal pathogens in the bloodstream. Sepsis is the leading cause of death in US hospitals. Mortality from sepsis [...]

Scientists use PCR to confirm the impact of malaria in pregnancy

Low-level Plasmodium falciparum infections may not cause full-blown malaria symptoms, but they could still affect pregnant women. Researchers at the Institut de recherche pour le développement (IRD; Institute for Development Research) and the Centre d'Étude et de Recherche sur le [...]

PCR shows there is more than meets the eye in some sore throats

If you go to the doctor with pharyngitis, you will most probably be told that it's "just a sore throat", and more often than not it is – a simple strep throat, or perhaps a viral infection. However, studies using [...]

PCR tracks the bacteria in osteomyelitis

US researchers are looking into the use of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to improve the detection of the bacteria causing osteomyelitis, an infection of the bone, which could help in choosing the right antibiotic and monitoring the progress of [...]

PCR finds hidden viruses in sepsis

The life-threatening infection sepsis remains a leading cause of death in hospitals. According to a recent study, PCR has been used to spot latent viruses that lay dormant in the body and are reactivated in sepsis. This provides evidence to [...]

PCR unravels Lyme disease-infected ticks

Lyme disease can cause long term problems, but often people don't know they are infected after a tick bite so don't get treatment. A collaboration between faculty and students at a US university used the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to [...]

Using PCR in microbiome research

The make-up and balance of the microbiome (the total of all the microorganisms that live in or on us) is taking a more and more significant role in human health, with links to periodontitis, obesity, cardiovascular disease and inflammatory bowel [...]

PCR helps to source clinic infection outbreak

Mycobacterium mucogenicum is a bacterium found in soil and water, and it caused an outbreak of bloodstream infections in four young people with sickle cell anaemia at a US University haematology outpatient clinic in 2008. Researchers from East Carolina University [...]

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